Fulvic Acid - Benefits & Research

 

One area of our lives requiring much attention is great nutrition and the proper uptake of nutrients. This is actually true for humans, animals and plants alike. There is one well researched yet seldom discussed component that facilities the full uptake of trace minerals and other nutrients. The key is Fulvic Acid.

Fulvic Acid is a naturally occurring organic compound usually found in soil and plants. It is recognized for its ability to balance and energize cell life and biological processes. Fulvic Acid literally transforms minerals and other nutrients into minute molecules. Nutrient uptake is more efficient because of Fulvic Acid. With better nutrient uptake cell respiration and energy production increases helping to bring the body back to full function. Although Fulvic Acid has been well researched it is just now beginning to come into prominence.

1. Fulvic Acid Is One Of Nature's Most Powerful Life Restorers

The Fulvic Acid Group, natural organic electrolytes, can balance, activate and energize the biological properties with whatever organic material it comes into contact. An electrolyte is soluble in water or any other similar medium able to conduct electrical current. The power of an electrolyte has been shown to have the ability to restore life in repeated tests on animal cells (giant amoebae) in what astonished researchers termed "a beautiful demonstration". When the electrolyte potential was removed during the test, the cell ruptured, disintegrated into the surrounding fluid and died. When electrical potential was reintroduced, the cell reconstructed and returned to healthy activity! It was also determined from these same studies that comparable results could be expected of the progressive weakness experienced by humans that results from unchecked hemorrhage, overwhelming emotional stress, uncontrolled infections, unbalanced diet, prolonged loss of sleep and surgical shock. These examples all show that a steady decrease in electrical potential in the body eventually will reduce to zero at death. These studies prove that the health of plants, animals and humans is determined by proper electrical potential.

The Fulvic Acid Group's individual acids all have similar physical and chemical characteristics. Fulvic

Acids are derived from humus Humus contains a large number of natural phyto-chemicals, biochemicals, supercharged antioxidants, nutrients, free-radical scavengers, super oxide dismutases, enzymes, hormones, amino acids, antibiotics, fungicides and antivirals.

Fulvic Acid has proved to be one of nature's most powerful organic electrolytes and it serves to balance cell life. When powerful organic electrolytes are introduced, the individual cell is restored to its normal chemical balance and its electrical potential where otherwise disintegration and death would normally occur within plant and animal cells. Because Fulvic Acid has the outstanding ability to accomplish this objective in multiple ways, it is required for health in any organic system or body.

Nature's way to process and refine minerals, "chelate€ metallic minerals and turn them into readily absorbable bio-available forms is called the Fulvic Acid Phenomenon

2. Fulvic Acid Promotes Electro-Chemical Balance Whether Donor or Receptor

Electro-chemical balance is required for health in any organic system or body. Fulvic Acid is available at times as an electron donor and at other times as an electron acceptor, based on the cell's requirements for balance. One of the reactions that occur is always an oxidation reaction in which the chemical species loses electrons as a donor. The other reaction is a reduction in which the active species gains electrons as an acceptor. A recent study of the binding of a donor molecule to Fulvic Acid in solution revealed direct evidence for donor-acceptor charge-transfer mechanisms. Trace minerals in the Fulvic Acid electrolyte could also be beneficial in this process serving as electrodes.

3. Fulvic Acid Dissolves Minerals & Trace Elements

Fulvic Acid actively dissolves minerals and metals when in solution with water. Metallic minerals simply dissolve into the fulvic structure and become bio-chemically reactive and-mobile.

4. Fulvic Acid Forms Complex Molecular Structures

The Fulvic Acid actually transforms these minerals and metals into elaborate Fulvic Acid complex molecular structures that have vastly different characteristics from their previous metallic mineral form. Fulvic Acid also has the unique ability to weather and dissolve silica into an assimilable form when found in the soil with which it comes into contact.

5. Fulvic Acid Enhances Availability

Fulvic Acid enhances the availability of nutrients and makes them more readily absorbable. It also allows minerals to regenerate and prolongs the residence time of essential nutrients. It prepares nutrients to be utilized by cells. It allows nutrients to inter-react with one another and breaks them down into the simplest ionic forms chelated by-the-fulvic-acid-electrolyte.

6. Fulvic Acid Catalyzes Enzyme Reactions

Fulvic Acid can also increase enzyme activity and act as both a donor or as an acceptor to supply electro-chemical balance to a cell. It increases the activity of several enzymes such as transaminase, invertase and alkaline phosphates.

7. Fulvic Acid Increases Assimilation

Fulvic Acid metal organic complexes are relatively heavy and because of this, they have small molecular size and can easily penetrate cells. Fulvic Acid complexes and chelates are readily able to pass through semi-permeable membranes such as cell walls. Yet it is important to note that Fulvic Acid not only has the ability to transport nutrients through cell walls, it can also sensitize cell membranes and various other physiological functions.

8. Fulvic Acid Stimulates Metabolism

Fulvic Acid appears to cause the genetic mechanism of plants to function at a higher level. Any means by which plant cells are exposed to Fulvic Acid can improve growth. Oxygen is absorbed more intensely in the presence of Fulvic Acids. Fulvic Acid helps to penetrate roots and then quickly transports to the shoots of plants. Fulvic Acid relieves oxygen deficiency and increases the vital activity of cells. Fulvic Acids' change the pattern of the metabolism of carbohydrates results in an accumulation of soluble sugars. These soluble sugars increase the osmotic pressure inside the cell wall and enable plants to withstand wilting. Fulvic Acid enhances growth and may stimulate the immune system.

9. Fulvic Acid Detoxifies Pollutants

An important quality of humic substances is related to their sorptive interaction with environmental chemicals either before or after they reach concentrations toxic to living organisms. The toxic herbicide known as Paraquat is rapidly detoxified by humic substances (Fulvic Acid). Fulvic Acids function specially on the demise of organic compounds when applied to soil as pesticides. It has been established that Fulvic Acid is vital to aid the formation of new species of metal ions that bind with organic pollutants such as pesticides and herbicides to catalyze the breakdown of toxic pollutants. Fulvic Acids restore electrical balance to damaged cells and can eliminate food poisoning within minutes. Radioactive substances react rapidly with Fulvic Acid to reach quickly an equilibrium. All radioactive elements are capable of reacting with Fulvic Acid and thus they will form organo-metalic complex molecules of differing adsorptive stability and solubility.

Fulvic Acids are especially important because of their ability to form complexes of, or chelate, metal ions and interact with silica. They have the ability to bio-react with one another and also to inter-react with cells to synthesize or even transmute new mineral compounds. Fulvic Acids act as specific cell sensitizing agents and enhance the cell membrane's permeability. They stimulate and balance cells to create optimum growth and replication conditions.

10. Fulvic Acid Increases Metabolism of Proteins

Fulvic Acid intensifies the metabolism of proteins, RNA and DNA. Fulvic Acid definitely increases DNA content in cells and increases and enhances the rate of RNA synthesis.11. Fulvic Acid Catalyzes Vitamins Within The Cell Fulvic Acid has the ability to introduce vitamins into its structure where they are presented to the cell in combination with complex mineral structures. In this perfect natural condition they can be catalyzed and utilized by the cell. In the absence of adequate trace minerals all vitamins are unable to perform their proper functions.

11. Fulvic Acid Greatly Enhances Bioavailability of Important Trace Minerals

Our bodies do not easily assimilate many mineral supplements. Scientists believe that mineral deficiency subjects our animals as well as us to more diseases, aging, sickness and destruction of our physical well-being than any other personal health factor. A U. S. Senate study showed that 99% of Americans are deficient in minerals and trace elements.

12. Fulvic Acid Chelates Monovalent & Divalent Elements To Which It Is Exposed

Fulvic Acid has the power to form stable water-soluble complex structures with mono-valent, divalent,

trivalent, and polyvalent metal ions. It can aid the actual movement of metal ions that are normally difficult to mobilize or transport. Fulvic Acids are excellent natural chelators and cation exchangers and are vitally important in the nutrition of cells.

Other Benefits of Fulvic Acid

Here are some additional benefits of Fulvic Acid that would brighten any day:

- Increased energy

- It's a ferocious antioxidant and free radical scavenger

- Chelates heavy metals and body toxins, removing them from the system

- Transports nutrients into the cells

- Extends the time nutrients remain active - potentiates the availability of essential nutrients

- Increases metabolism of proteins, contributing to DNA and RNA synthesis

- It's a powerful natural electrolyte

- Restores electrochemical balance

- Increases activity of a host of enzyme systems

- Helps rebuild the immune system

- Increases bio-availability of nutrients and minerals

RESEARCH

Fulvic acid is rapidly on its way to developing the health of healing miracles of the 21st Century. Interest in the medical community has been escalating rapidly in the past few months as Scientists and Doctors throughout the world are beginning to discover fulvic acid and are starting to recognize its extraordinary potential. This will increase dramatically now that we are beginning to release our information to the world via the Internet.

We are now receiving requests for supplies of fulvic acid and its related information from prestigious scientists and research clinics in the United States and abroad. The excitement that is being generated is simply amazing.

In reviewing and evaluating these reports, it is important to bear in mind that leading scientists agree with Roger J. Williams in recognizing the following fact; "the building blocks present in the metabolic machinery of human beings are, in the great majority of cases, exactly the same as the building blocks contained in the metabolic machinery of organisms of extremely different types.€ Roger J. Williams

The majority of research and experimentation that has been done on fulvic acid is in relation to plants. Yet human beings have been ingesting fulvic acid complexes regularly for over 60 years in supplemental form, and for thousands of years from natural food and plant sources. Accumulating testimonies continue to show that the beneficial properties related to plant studies and cells hold true in relation to animals and humans as well, as clinical research is currently underway, and updated information will be forthcoming.

Preliminary findings show that the most prominent diseases and health problems of our day have been dramatically effected in positive ways by supplementation or treatment with fulvic acid and other preparations enhanced or created with fulvic acid.

Uses are beneficial to humans and are not the only focus here. The known agricultural benefits have enormous potential to heal the world. Yet the majority of the agricultural community is critically unaware of the implications. Industrial use for treatment of sewage and landfill wastes, neutralization of radioactive and toxic wastes, and a myriad of other uses are just beginning to be realized. Fulvic acid has the potential to heal the Earth!

Fulvic Acid Major Attributes

World's Finest Electrolyte1 Fulvic Acid is an organic natural electrolyte that can balance and energize biological properties. It comes into contact with2 in electrolyte as a substance that is soluble in water or other appropriate mediums that is capable of conducting electrical current.3

The power of an electrolyte that has been shown in separate tests on animal cells (giant amoebae); to be able to restore life in what researchers termed "a beautiful demonstration€ and "astonishing.€ When the electrolyte potential was taken away during the test, the cell ruptured and disintegrated into the surrounding fluids causing death. These studies show convincingly that the physical well being upon reintroducing electrical potential, enabling cells reconstruction to become active and healthy.4

It was also determined from these same studies, that similar results could be expected of the progressive weakness among humans resulting from: unchecked hemorrhages, overwhelming emotional stress, uncontrolled infections, unbalanced diet, prolonged loss of sleep, and surgical shock. These examples are all accompanied by a steady decrease in electrical potential that can eventually be reduced to zero at death. These studies show convincingly that the physical well being of plants, animals, and humans is determined by proper electrical potential.5

Fulvic acid has proven to be a powerful organic electrolyte, serving to balance cell life. If the individual cell is restored to its normal chemical balance thereby turning its electrical potential, we will have given life where death and disintegration would normally occur within plant and animal cell. 6 Fulvic acid has the outstanding ability to accomplish this objective in numerous ways.7

Promotes Electrochemical Balance as Donor or Receptor

Fulvic acid is available at times as an electron donor and at other times as an electron acceptor, based on the cells requirement for balance.8 One reaction that occurs is when the chemical species loose electrons as a donor. The other reaction is a reduction in which the active species gains electrons as an acceptor.9

A recent study of the binding donor molecule to fulvic acid in a solution revealed direct evidence for donor-acceptor charge transfer mechanisms.10 Trace minerals in the fulvic acid electrolyte could also be beneficial in this process by serving as electrode.11

Most Powerful Natural Free Radical Scavenger & Antioxidant Known12

Free radicals of fulvic acid behave as electron donors or acceptors, depending upon the need for balance in the situation.13 Fulvic acid can in some ways take part in oxidation-reduction with transition metals reactions.14

Complexes Dissolve Minerals & Trace Elements15

Fulvic acid is especially active in dissolving minerals and metals when solutions are in water. The metallic minerals simply dissolve into ionic form, and disappear into the fulvic structure becoming bio-chemically reactive and mobile. The fulvic acid actually transforms these minerals and metals into elaborate fulvic acid molecular complexes that have vastly different characteristics from their previous metallic mineral form. Fulvic acid is nature's way of "chelating€ metallic minerals, turning them into readily absorbable bio-available form. Fulvic acid also has the unique ability to weather and dissolve silica that it comes in contact with.

Enhances Nutrients16

Fulvic acid enhances the availability of nutrients and makes them more readily absorbable, allowing minerals to regenerate and prolong time of essential nutrients. It prepares minerals to react with cells and allows minerals to inter-react with one another, breaking them down into the simplest ionic form, chelated by the fulvic acid electrolytes.

Transports Nutrients17

Fulvic acid readily complexes with minerals and metals making them available to plant roots and easily absorbable through cell walls. It makes minerals such as iron, that are not usually very mobile, easily transported through plant structures. Fulvic acids dissolve and transpose vitamins, coenzymes, auxins, hormones, and natural antibiotics18 that are generally found throughout the soil making them available.

These substances are effective in stimulating even more vigorous and healthy growth,19 producing certain bacteria, fungi, and actinomyceles in decomposing vegetation in the soil. It has been determined that all known vitamins can be present in healthy soil.20

Plants manufacture many of their own vitamins, yet these from the soil further supplement the plant. Upon ingestion animals and humans easily absorb these nutrients, due to the fact that they are in the perfect natural plant form as nature intended. Fulvic acid can often transport many times its weight in dissolved mineral elements.21

Catalyzes Enzyme Reactions22

Fulvic acid has close association with enzymes23 that increases activity of enzymes and especially influences respiratory catalysts. Fulvic acids increase the activity of several enzymes including alkaline phosphates, transaminase, and invertase.

Increases Assimilation24

Fulvic acid organic metal complexes are of a low molecular weight,25 low molecular size, and are capable of a high degree of penetration into cells. Fulvic acid complexes and chelates are able to readily pass through semi-permeable membranes such as cell walls. It is important to note its been determined that fulvic acids not only has the ability to transport nutrients through cell membranes, but also sensitizes cell membranes and various physiological functions as well.26

Stimulates Metabolism27

Fulvic acid appears to cause the genetic mechanism of plants to function at a higher level. It has been concluded that when plant cells are exposed to fulvic acid it can improve growth.28 Oxygen is absorbed more intensely in the presence of fulvic acids.29

Fulvic acid aids in penetrating plant roots,30 relieves oxygen deficiency, increases the vital activity of cells, and changes the pattern of the metabolism of carbohydrates, resulting, in an accumulation of soluble sugars. These soluble sugars increase the pressure of osmosis inside the cell walls and enable plants to withstand wilting, which enhances growth stimulation to the immune system.31

Detoxified Pollutants32

An important aspect of Fulvic acid is related to their sorptive interaction with environmental chemicals, either before or after they reach concentrations, toxic to living organism's.33 Fulvic acid rapidly detoxifies the toxic herbicide known as Fulvic Acid34 rapidly detoxifies Paraquat. It has a special function with respect to the demise of organic compounds applied to soil as pesticides.35

Fulvic acid is vital in helping form new species of metal ions, binding with organic pollutants such as pesticides and herbicides, and catalyzing the breakdown of toxic pollutants. Radioactive substances react rapidly with fulvic acid, and only a brief time is required for equilibrium to be reached.36 All radioactive elements are capable of reacting with fulvic acid and thus forming organo-metal complexes of different absorptive stability and solubility.

Dissolves Silica

Fulvic acids are especially important because of their ability to complex or chelate metal ions and interact with silica.37 It has been shown that these interactions may increase the concentrations of metal ions and silica found in water solutions to levels that are far in excess of their assumed dissolution ability.38

Synthesis39

Fulvic acid complexes have the ability to bio-react one with another, and also inter-react with cells to synthesize or transmute new mineral compounds. The transmutation of vegetal silica and magnesium to form calcium in animal and human bones is a typical example of new synthesis of mineral's.40

Enhances Cell Division and Elongation41

Fulvic acid stimulates and balances cells, creating optimum growth and replication conditions.

Enhances the Permeability of Cell Membranes42

Fulvic acids act as specific cell sensitizing agents and enhance the permeability of the cell membrane.43

Increases Metabolism of Proteins44

Fulvic acid intensifies the metabolism of proteins.45 Definitely increases DNA content in cells46 and increases and enhance the rate of RNA synthesis.47

Catalyzes Vitamins within the Cell48

Fulvic acid has the ability to complex vitamins into its structure, where they are presented to the cell in combination with complexed minerals. In this perfect natural condition, they can be catalyzed and utilized by the cell. In absence of adequate trace minerals, vitamins are unable to perform their proper function.

Chelates All Monovalent & Divalent Elements to Which It Is Exposed

Fulvic acid has the power to form stable water-soluble complexes with monovalent, divalent, trivalent, and polyvalent metal ions. It can aid the actual movement of metal ions that are normally difficult to mobilize or transport.49 Fulvic acids are excellent natural chelators, cation exchangers, and are vitally important in the nutrition of cells.

Bibliography

1. Senesi, N. (1990). Analytica Chimica Acts, 232, 51-75. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier.

2. Vital electrolytes-Baker, W.E. (1973). Geochimilen at Casmochtulon Acts, 37, 269-281.

3. Gamble, D.S., & Schnitzer, M. (1974). Trace Metals and Metal-Organic Interactions in Natural Waters. Ann Arbor, Mi: Ann Arbor Science.

4. Power of an electrolyte - Crile, G. (1926). A bipolar theory of living processes. New York: McMillen.

5. Decrease in electrical potential - Crile, G. (1926). A bipolar theory of living processes. New York: McMillen.

6. Powerful electrolyte - Jackson, William R. (1993). Humic, Fulvic and Microbial Balance: Organic Soil Conditioning 329. Evergreen, Colorado: Jackson Research Center.

7. New Electronic Encyclopedia. (1991). Photosynthesis. Grolier Electronic Publishing.

8. Donor and acceptor - Jackson, William R. (1993). Humic, Fulvic and Microbial Balance: Organic Soil Conditioning. Evergreen, Colorado: Jackson Research Center.

9. Donor and receptor - Rashid, M.A. (1985). Geochemistry of marine humic substances. New York: Springer-Verlag.

10. Donor, receptor-Sposito, G., Holtaclaw, K.M., LeVesque, C.S., & Johnston, C.T. (1982). Trace metal chemistry in arid-zone filed soils amended with sewage sludge. II. Comparative study of the fulvic and fraction. Soil Science Society America Journal, 45, 265-270.

11. Mineral complexes in fulvic may serve as electrodes-Rashid, M.A. (1985). Geochemistry of marine humic substances. New York: Springer-Verlag.

12. Free radical-Senesi N. (1990) Analytion Chimica Acts, 232, 51-75. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elaevier.

13. Free radical - Senesi, N., Chen, Y., & Schnitzer, M. (1977b). The role of humic acids in extracellular electron transport and chemical determination of pH in natural waters. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 9, 397-403.

14. Oxidation reduction - Senesi, N., Chen, Y., & Schnitzer, M. (1977b). The role of humic acids in extracellular electron transport and chemical determination of pH in natural waters. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 9, 397-403.

15. Dissolves metals and minerals - Ong, H.L., Swanson, V.D., & Bisque, R.E. (1970) Natural organic acids as agents of chemical weathering (130-170). U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 700 C. Washington, DC: U.S. Geological Survey.

16. Enhance and transport nutrients - Christman, R.F., & Gjessing, E.T. (1983). Aquatic and terrestrial humic materials. The Butterworth Grove, Kent, England: Ann Arbor Science. Also: Prakish, A. (1971). Terrigenous organic matter and coastal phytoplankton fertility. In J.D. Costlow (Ed.), Fertility of the sea, 2, 351-368. (Proceedings of an International Symposium on Fertility of the Sea, Seo Paulo, Brazil, London, and New York: Gordon and Breach Science).

17. Enhance and transport nutrients - Prakash, A. (1971). Fertility of the Sea, 2, 351-368.

18. Williams, S.T. (1963). Are antibiotics produced in soil? Pedobiologia, 23, 426, 435.

19. Stimulate growth - Kanonova, M.M. (1966). Soil organic matter. Elmsford, NY: Pergamon.

20. All known vitamins in soil - Kanonova, M.M. (1966). Soil organic matter. Elmsford, NY: Pergamon.

21. Many times its weight - Deb, B.C. (1949). The movement and precipitation of iron oxides in podzol soils. Journal of Soil Sciences, 1, 112-122.

22. Catalyzes enzyme reactions - Khristeva, L.A., Luk'Yaneko, M.V. (1962). Role of physiologically active substances in soil-humic acids, bitumens and vitamins B, C, P-PA and D in the life of plants and their replenishment. Soviet Soil Sciences, 10, 1137-1141.

23. Fulvic and enzymes - Pardoe, H.L., Townshend, A., Clerc, J.T., VenderLinden (Eds.), 1990, May 1). Analytica Chimica Acts, Special Issue, Humic and Fulvic Compounds, 232 (1), 1-235. (Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier Science Publishers).

24. Increase assimilation - Buffle, J. (1988). Complexation Reactions in Aquatic Systems: An Analytical Approach. Chickester: Horwood.

25. low molecular weight, Aiken, G.R, McKnight, D.M., & VacCarthy, P. 1985). Humic substances of soil, sediment and water, New York: Wiley-Interscience.

26. sensitize cell membranes - Rashid, M.A. (1985). Geochemistry of Marine Humic Substances. New York: Springer-Verlag.

27. Stimulate metabolism - Rashid, M.A. (1985). Geochemistry of Marine Humic Substances. New York: Springer-Verlag.

28. Genetic and growth - Jackson, William R. (1993). Humic, Fulvic and Microbial Balance: Organic Soil Conditioning, 538. Evergreen, Colorado: Jackson Research Center.

29. Oxygen is absorbed-Kononova, M.M. (1966). Soil organic matter. Elmsford, NY: Pergamon.

30. Rapid transport to shoots-Kanonova, M.M. (1966). Soil organic matter. Elmsford, NY: Pergamon.

31. Immune system-Syltie, P.W. (1985). Effects of very small amounts of highly active biological substances on plant growth. Biological Agriculture and Horticultures, 2, 245-269, and Research reports and studies, Appropriate Technology Ltd. Dallas, TX: Murray Sinks II of ATL (Publisher).

32. Modify damage by toxic compounds-Christman, R.F., & Gjessing. E.T. (1983). Aquatic and terrestrial humic materials. The Butterworth Grove, Kent, England: Ann Arbor Science. Also: Prakash, A. (1961). Terrigenous organic matter and coastal phytoplankton fertility. In J.D. Costlow (Ed), Fertility of the sea, 2, 351-368. (Proceedings of an International Symposium on Fertility of the Sea, Seo Paulo, Brazil, London, and New York: Gordon and Breach Science).

33. Environmental chemicals.

34. Paraquat - Fischer, A.M., Winterie, J.S., & Mill, T. (1967). Primary photochemical processes in photolysis medicated by humic substances. In R.G. Zika & W.J. Cooper (Eds). Photochemistry of environmental aquatic system (141-156). (ACS Symposium Series 327). Washington DC: American Chemical Society.

35. Pesticides - Aiken, G.R, McKnight, D.M., & MacCarthy, P. (1985). Humic substances of soil, sediment and water. New York: Wiley-Interscience.

36. Radioactive properties - Szalay, A. (1958). The significance of humus in the geochemical enrichment of uranium. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, 2, 182-186. (London: Pergamon).

37. Dissolves and weathers silica-Huang, W.H., & Delier, W.D. (1970). Dissolution of rock-forming silicate minerals in organic acids; simulated first stage weathering of fresh minerals surfaces. America Mineralogical Journal, 55, 2076-2097.

38. Dissolves silica-Kodmans, H., Schnitzer, M., & Jaakkimainen, M. (1983). Chlorite and biotite weathering by fulvic acid solutions in closed and open systems. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 63, 619-629.

39. Transmutate or synthesis of new minerals - Schnitzer, M, & Dodama, H. (1977). Reactions of minerals with soil humic substances. In J.B. Dixon & S.B. Weed (Eds.), Minerals in soil environments (Chap. 21). Madison, WI: Soil Science Society of America.

40. See "The Fulvic Acid, Vegetal Silica Miracle€ later in this report, and further documentation of Kervran, Lois C., Biological Transmutations.

41. Cell elongation - Poapst , P.A., & Schnitzer, M. (1971). Fulvic acid and adventitious root formation. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 3, 215-219.

42. Enhance permeability of cell membranes - Christman, R.F., & Gjessing, E.T. (1983). Aquatic and terrestrial humic materials. The Butterworth Grove, Kent, England: Ann Arbor Science. Also: Prakash, A. (1971). Terrigenous organic matter and coastal phytoplankton fertility. In J.D. Costlow (Ed.), Fertility of the sea, 2, 351-368. (Proceedings of an International Symposium on Fertility of the Sea, Sao Paulo, Brazil, London and New York: Gordon and Breach Science) low molecular weight, Aiken, G.R., McKnight, D.M., & VacCarthy, P. 1985). Humic substances of soil, sediment and water, New York: Wiley-Interscience.

43. Sensitizing agent - Prakash, A. (1971). Terrigenous organic matter and coastal phytoplankton fertility. In J.D. Costlow (Ed.), Fertility of the sea, 2, 351-368. (Proceedings of an International Symposium on Fertility of the Sea, Sao Paulo, Brazil, London, and new York: Gordon and Breach Science).

44. Increase metabolism of proteins - Christman, R.F., & Gjessing, E.T. (1983). Aquatic and terrestrial humic materials. The Butterworth Grove, Kent, England: Ann Arbor Science. Also: Prakash, A. (1971). Terrigenous organic matter and coastal phytoplankton fertility. In J.D. Costlow (Ed.), Fertility of the sea, 2, 351-368. (Proceedings of an International Symposium on Fertility of the Seam, Sao Paulo, Brazil, London, and New York: Gordon and Breach Science).

45. Proteins, DNA, RNA - Khristeva, L.A., Solocha, K.L., Dynkins, R.L., Kovalenko, V.E., & Gorovaya, A.I. (1967). Influence of physiologically active substances of soil humus and fertilizers on nucleic acid metabolism, plant growth and subsequent quality of the seeds. Humus at Plants, 4, 272-276.

46. Proteins, DNA, RNA - Jackson, William R. (1993). Humic, Fulvic and Microbial Balance: Organic Soil Conditioning, 569-570. Evergreen, Colorado: Jackson Research Center.

47. Synthesis of RNA and DNA - Khristeva, L.A. (1968). About the nature of physiologically active substances of the soil humus and of organic fertilizers and their agricultural importance. In F.V. Hernando (Ed.), Pontifica academec scientarium citta del vaticano (701-721). New York: John Wiley.

48. Catalyst to vitamins within the cell - Williams, Dr. Roger J. (1977). The Wonderful World within You. Bio-Communications Press. Wichita, Kansas.

49. Transport metal ions - Schnitzer, M., & Khan, S.U. (1972). Humic substances in the environment. New York: Dekker.

 

 

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